Below are selected publications resulting from OES collaborations.

All of our work is available on our website, regardless of outcome, in line with research best practices. Our first priority is to make project results accessible and actionable for agency partners. More information about publications resulting from OES collaborations can be found on our Google Scholar page.


Adam Sacarny, Elana Safran, Mary Steffel, Jacob R. Dunham, Orolo D. Abili, Lobat Mohajeri, Patricia T. Oh, Alan Sim, Robert E. Brutcher, and Christopher Spevak. “Effect of Pharmacist Email Alerts on Concurrent Prescribing of Opioids and Benzodiazepines by Prescribers and Primary Care Managers: A Randomized Clinical Trial.” JAMA Health Forum. 3(9):e223378 (2022).

Allyson Root, Christopher Connolly, Season Majors, Hassan Ahmed, and Mattie Toma. “Electronic blood glucose monitoring impacts on provider and patient behavior.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, ocac069 (2022).

Jessica Leight, Catherine Hensly, Marcos Chissano, Elana Safran, Liza Ali, Domingos Dustan, and Julian Jamison. “The effects of text reminders on the use of family planning services: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in urban Mozambique.” BMJ Global Health 7:e007862 (2022).

Andrew Feher, Daniel J. Hopkins, Elana Safran, Joshua Peck, and David Yokum. “Effectiveness of Behaviorally Informed Letters on Health Insurance Marketplace Enrollment: A Randomized Clinical Trial.” JAMA Health Forum, 3(3):e220034 (2022).


Rekha Balu, Russell Burnett, Nuole Chen, Pompa Debroy, Rebecca A. Johnson, Heather Kappes, Jessica Leight, Saad B. Omer, Elana Safran, Mary Steffel, Mattie Toma, Kris-Stella Trump, and David Yokum. “Lessons for Covid-19 Vaccination from Eight Federal Government Direct Communication Evaluations.” Behavioral Science & Policy, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:


Jeffrey Hemmeter, John Phillips, Elana Safran, and Nicholas Wilson. “Communicating Program Eligibility: A Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Field Experiment.” (2020).

Daniel D. Shephard, Crystal C. Hall, and Cait Lamberton. “Increasing Identification of Homeless Students: An Experimental Evaluation of Increased Communication Incorporating Behavioral Insights.Educational Researcher, 50 (4), 239-248 (2020).

Aderaw Anteneh, Kelly Bidwell, Woldemariam Girma, Kristen Little, Nicholas Wilson, and Endale Workalemahu. “Appraising praise: experimental evidence on positive framing and demand for health services.” Applied Economics Letters, (2020).

Shereen J. Chaudhry, Michael Hand, and Howard Kunreuther. “Broad bracketing for low probability events.” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 61 (3), 211–244 (2020).


Adam Sacarny, Andrew R. Olenski, and Michael L. Barnett. Association of Quetiapine Overuse Letters With Prescribing by Physician Peers of Targeted Recipients: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry, June 4, 2019.

Adam Sacarny, Michael L. Barnett, and Shantanu Agrawal. New Evidence on Stemming Low-Value Prescribing. NEJM Catalyst, April 10, 2019,

Jessica Leight and Nicholas Wilson. Framing Flexible Spending Accounts: A Large-Scale Field Experiment on Communicating the Return on Medical Savings Accounts. Health Economics 29, no. 2 (2019): 195–208.

Jessica Leight and Elana Safran. Increasing immunization compliance among schools and day care centers: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Public Administration 2, no. 2 (2019).

Noule Chen, Pompa Debroy, Stacy Hall, and Quan Le. Postcards-increasing vaccination rates among elderly: U.S. Office of Evaluation Sciences and LDH Immunization Program. Louisiana Morbidity Report 30 no. 2 (April 2019): 3-7.


Adam Sacarny, Michael L. Barnett, and Jackson Le. Effect of peer comparison letters for high-volume primary care prescribers of quetiapine in older and disabled adults: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry 75 no. 10 (October 2018): 1003-1011.

David Yokum, Julie C. Lauffenburger, Roya Ghazinouri, and Niteesh K. Choudhry. Letters designed with behavioural science increase influenza vaccination in Medicare beneficiaries. Nature Human Behaviour 2 (2018): 743–749.


Adam Sacarny, David Yokum, Amy Finkelstein, and Shantanu Agrawal. Medicare letters to curb overprescribing of controlled substances had no detectable effect on providers. Health Affairs 35 no. 3 (2017): 471-479.

Adam Sacarny, David Yokum, and Shantanu Agrawal. Government-academic partnerships in randomized evaluations: the case of inappropriate prescribing, American Economic Review 107, no. 5, (2017): 466-470.

Jacob Goldin, Tatiana Homonoff, and William Tucker-Ray. Retirement contribution rate nudges and plan participation: evidence from a field experiment, American Economic Review 107, no. 5 (2017): 456-461.

Jake Bowers, Nathaniel Higgins, Dean Karlan, Sarah Tulman, and Jonathan Zinman. Challenges to replication and iteration in field experiments: evidence from two direct mail shots, American Economic Review 107, no. 5: (2017): 462-465.


Amira Choueiki Boland. Behavioral insights for better implementation in government. Public Administration Review 76, no. 4 (June 2016).

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. USDA Microloans for Farmers: Participation Patterns and Effects of Outreach, by Sarah Tulman, Nathaniel Higgins, Robert Williams, Michael Gerling, Charles Dodson, and Bruce McWilliams. Economic Research Report No. (ERR-222). Washington DC: USDA, 2016. (accessed May 16, 2019).