Adding the signature box resulted in an extra $1.59 million paid to government by vendors.

What was the challenge?

Federal vendors making sales through the Federal Supply Schedules are required to pay a fee—the industrial funding fee (IFF)—that covers program operations costs. IFF payments owed are a fraction of the total sales made. To accurately determine how much vendors sold, and thus the correct IFF amount, the government uses a website where vendors are asked to self-report the quantity of total sales.

What was the program change?

At no material cost, OES designed an electronic signature box included at the beginning of GSA’s online reporting portal to promote vigilant and accurate self-reporting of sales and reduce errors.

How did the evaluation work?

Vendors were randomly assigned to use one of two options: 1) the existing reporting system (control); or 2) a modified interface (treatment) with the redesigned electronic signature box.


What was the impact?

As a result of the evaluation, the median self-reported sales amount was $445 higher for vendors signing at the top of the form, translating into an extra $1.59 million in IFF paid to the government in a single quarter.

Update December 2021: The abstract for this project was updated on December 3, 2021 to include a retraction of a paper cited in the abstract. You can view the original abstract and verify our original upload date here.





Project Type

Program Change and Evaluation


General Services Administration


Government Operations

View Abstract (PDF)